Active parental consent in school-based research: An examination of ethical and methodological issues.
Esbensen, F.-A., Piper Deschenes, E., Vogel, R. E., West, J., Arboit, K., &; Harris, L. (1996). Active parental consent in school-based research: An examination of ethical and methodological issues. Evaluation Review, 20(6). pp. 737-753.
Abstract: To date, most school-based research has used passive parental consent. However, the Family Privacy Protection Act of 1995 aims to change these requirements The proposed legislation requires written parental consent if minors are to be asked “sensitive” guestions as part of any program or activity funded in whole or in part by the federal government. This act is representative of a growing trend toward restricting research involving minors Whether or not this act is passed by Congress, two lines of concern are highlighted by this legislation The first deals with ethical issues surrounding consent procedures. For instance, are parental rights compromised when active consent is not mandated? A second line of inquiry pertains to the effect of active consent procedures on response rates and sample bias. In this article, the authors discuss ethical issues surrounding passive and active consent procedures and then report response rates from two projects in which active consent procedures were implemented. (The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in Evaluation Review, 20/6, 12/1996 by SAGE Publications, Inc., All rights reserved. © Sage Publications Inc.)