Silverman, H. (2017). Children as research participants. In H. Silverman (Ed.), Research Ethics in the Arab Region (pp. 73-81). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. Print ISBN: 978-3-319-65264-1; Online ISBN: 978-3-319-65266-5.
Research involving children can contribute to generalizable knowledge regarding many important illnesses affecting children, however children represent a vulnerable group in which additional safeguards are necessary. The history of research involving children demonstrates that their interests were not always considered and they have, in the past, been exploited. This chapter will discuss the ethical issues involving children in research in the Arab region, characteristics of children that lead to their vulnerability, the criteria necessary to include children in research (scientific necessity, appropriate balance of risks and benefits, parental permission, and child assent), and special issues involving street-connected children and youths in research.
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